Archive for the ‘Definitions’ Category


Monday, November 19th, 2007

An infection is defined by the following points:
- Transmission of germs
- Penetration of germs
- A settlement of germs
- Reproduction
- A reaction from the ‘host’ (body)

Entrance points for germs include:
- Wounds
- Mucous Membranes
- Skin
- Lungs
- Urinary Tract
- Digestive Tract
- Eyes

An infection occurs in these 3 specific phases:
- Contact with the germ
- An incubation period
- Spreading phase

The incubation period is the time between germ contact and the actual occurrence of disease symptoms. The body’s defense and protection against this phase can be divided into two parts:
- Specific defense aid in protection of ‘fighting off’ the germs
- Nonspecific defense mechanisms carried by certain materials in the blood, mucous membranes, the fatty acid coat of the skin, skin’s flora, tears, low pH value in the stomach and its lining

The potentional of a germ to cause illness depends on the following factors:
1. How well it penetrates and settles
2. The ability the germ naturally has and what it is capable of doing
3. How well the germ can survive in certain inhospitable conditions
4. The ability to release the necessary germs to create and illness

Everbody possesses a normal flora (physiological vegetation of the skin, the intestine and the mucous membranes by micro organisms) which preform the following tasks:
1. Substitute function (Protection against the settlement of foreign germs contained in the environment)
2. Acid coating


Monday, November 19th, 2007

An inflammation can be recognized by the following symptoms:

o Redness ( Rubor )
o Heat ( Calor )
o Ache ( Dolor )
o Swelling ( Tumor )
o Disfunction ( Funktio laesa )


Monday, November 19th, 2007

Disinfection is the process of making an object free of debris and most Bacteria. Disinfection is not the same as sterilization.